Today this volcanic ash, in layers usually not more than six inches to a foot (15-30 cm) thick and layered between beds of shale, is a commercially valuable mineral known as bentonite. A creamy-white coloured ‘slippery clay’, it possesses a high calcium content, and most significantly does not expand when exposed to water. Bentonite is currently widely used in the purification process of mineral and vegetable oils.
Some of these remarkable finds are on display in the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre in Morden, where they form the largest collection of its kind in North America. Among the most fascinating fossils of this collection are the reptile remains, in particular the moasaurs and plesiosaurs.
(Sources: Carr, Karen. C.F.D.C. Pamphlet, 2013. R.M. of Louise History , 1979; BT-NHR research files)
Above: Western Interior Seaway Diorama. An Artist’s impression of marine life during the Cretaceous period, evidence of which has been unearthed in the current Boundary Trail Heritage Region. (Carr, Karen. C.F.D.C. Pam-phlet, 2013.)
Left: Map. Western Interior Seaway. As depicted on this map, during the Cretaceous Period much of the interior region of the current North American con-tinent was covered by shallow saltwater seaways brimming with ancient marine life. (C.F.D.C. Pamphlet, 2013.)
Right: Excavation face showing bentonite layers in a pit in the Miami area of the BTHR. (source: Louise RM local history.)
Above: Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre staff member Cheryl Link provides size context with the museum’s star attraction, “Bruce”, a 13 meter (43 feet) mosasaur skeleton discovered near Thornhill in 1974. (EdLed photo. 2017.)
Above: A diorama display at the Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre in Morden showing bentonite strip mining. (EdLed. photo. 2017.)